Tracking self-employment of new entrants

While career changers start in their new sector with the highest rates of self-employment returning kiwis have the highest rates of progression into self-employment.


Self-employment is tracked of workers retain in the sector. Note that progression rates into self-employment may not be truly representative as self-employed workers have higher retention rates and the increases may be due to wage and salary workers leaving the sector rather than an increase in self-employed workers.

New entrants are defined as persons who first work at least three months above a minimum wage threshold of 120 hours (30 hours across 4 weeks). Of these new entrants we define their primary activity in the year leading up to starting work order of:

  1. Secondary school enrollments
  2. Tertiary enrollments
  3. Work in other sectors (career changers)
  4. Visa status (immigrants)
  5. Overseas spells (returning kiwis)
  6. Beneficiaries
  7. Other

Such that a person with a tertiary enrollment and who is working in another sector in the year leading up to starting work in carpentry will be recorded once only as a tertiary student.


Access to the anonymised data used in this study was provided by Statistics New Zealand in accordance with security and confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act 1975, and secrecy provisions of the Tax Administration Act 1994. The findings are not Official Statistics. The results in this paper are the work of the authors, not Statistics NZ, and have been confidentialised to protect individuals, households, businesses, and other organisations from identification. Read our full disclaimer here.


Outcomes of new entrants in food and fibre sectors

Compare how outcomes compare between different talent sources of new entrants

Self-employment Source of new entrants New entrants