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Underemployment rates in New Zealand
Introduction

Underemployment from the Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) measures work hour-related underemployment. That is, persons who are employed (full or part time) who would prefer to work more hours. It does not measure skill-related underemployment, e.g. someone with a masters degree in engineering employed at a fast food restaurant.

Note that in the dashboards some sectors and occupations, especially in lower levels 0% underemployment rate reported. This is because fewer than 6 survey respondents with that occupation, or sector reported being underemployed and should be treated as unknown/suppressed rather than 0. Margin of errors are available in the data download.

Underemployment by industry

Hospitality, retail and recreation industries have high rates of underemployment while most people working in mining, infrastructure, financial, construction and manufacturing industries as satisfied with their work hours.

View more specific sectors by clicking on lower levels on the right of the chart.

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Methodology

The Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) asks employed respondents if they would prefer to work more hours. We summarize these results over years industries have been recorded (2009 to 2018) and calculate underemployment rates.

Sectors with 0% values have fewer than 6 persons responding to the HLFS as underemployed. Results from these sectors should be treated as unknown but are left in the chart to show where data is incomplete.

Industries are defined by ANZSIC06 codes.

Underemployment by occupation

Community service, sales workers and labourers have high rates of underemployment. On the other hand, few managers, trades workers, professionals and machinery operators are dissatisfied with their hours of work.

View more specific occupations by selecting lower levels on the right of the chart.

Download data

Methodology

The Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) asks employed respondents if they would prefer to work more hours. We summarize these results over years occuaptions have been recorded (2009 to 2018) and calculate underemployment rates.

Sectors with 0% values have fewer than 6 persons responding to the HLFS as underemployed. Results from these sectors should be treated as unknown but are left in the chart to show where data is incomplete.

Occupations are defined by ANZSCO06 codes.

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