Apprentices progression into self-employment

Self-employment is one of the key attractions to the construction industry. In the dashboard below, we find that of those who complete their BCITO apprenticeship and remain working in the construction industry, 30% are self-employed after seven years after starting their apprenticeship.

To see activities outside of construction, turn them on in the slicer in the bottom right corner of the chart.


Between the years of 2007 to 2016 we collect all new apprentices starting training at BCITO, Competenz, or Skills Org. From these apprentices we first determine which program they are enrolled in through NZSCED codes and determine whether they complete their program.

With this cohort we then determine their primary activities each year after starting their apprenticeship. We rank activities in order of:

  1. ITO training
  2. Tertiary study
  3. Polytechnic study
  4. Secondary schooling
  5. Employer
  6. Employee
  7. Beneficiary
  8. Overseas

Where an apprentice still enrolled in ITO training but also employed in a given year will be reported as still in training but not also an employee.

Results are then summarised in counts of apprentices in each activity each year after starting training.


Access to the anonymised data used in this study was provided by Statistics New Zealand in accordance with security and confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act 1975, and secrecy provisions of the Tax Administration Act 1994. The findings are not Official Statistics. The results in this paper are the work of the authors, not Statistics NZ, and have been confidentialised to protect individuals, households, businesses, and other organisations from identification. Read our full disclaimer here.


Where do apprentices end up?

Most apprentices retain in their respective industries after completing training, with many progressing into self-employment

Self-employment Apprentices